Academic Resources

Good Ideas from Published Research

Brief: Effective Intervention for Traumatized Refugee Children
  • Schools can facilitate early intervention for traumatized refugee children.
  • Trauma-related behavioral training programs help teachers recognize symptoms of traumatization.
  • Combinations of cognitive-behavioral therapies (CBT) involving parents, teachers, and community aid rehabilitation.

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Foundations: Immigration, Crime, and Local Policing

In the early twentieth century, experts equated increased immigration with increased crime and “societal disorganization” (1). The real relationship between immigration and crime is far more complicated and nuanced than those experts believed. Contemporary scholars agree that no direct causal link exists between increased immigration and increased crime in major U.S. cities (1;2;3;4;5). In fact, some research finds that an influx of immigrants can actually decrease crime in many communities.

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Brief: Access to Healthcare for Undocumented Immigrants
  • Undocumented immigrants will comprise 25% of America’s uninsured over the next decade (1).
  • Undocumented immigrants are 21% less likely than documented immigrants to have reliable healthcare (2).
  • Undocumented immigrants often receive health care services from “safety-net providers.” (3)

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Call for Research: Multilingual Policing in Immigrant Communities
  • Preconceived notions create police-immigrant tensions in communities with large immigrant populations (2;3).
  • Immigrant communities more acutely feel the problems related to degraded police-community relations (3).
  • Increasing police officers’ multicultural understanding and multilingual skills can decrease misunderstandings in confrontations between immigrant communities and the judicial system (1;2;5).

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Brief: Academic Mentorship and Immigrant Latino Students
  • Latino immigrant students are less likely to join academic extracurricular activities compared to natives or other immigrant populations (1).
  • Mentoring programs after school encourages Latino immigrant students to pursue higher education (2;3).
  • Latino Youth dropout rates can be mitigated by mentoring and adult supervision (2).

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Foundations: History of Immigration to Rural America

Americans often describe themselves as belonging to “a nation of immigrants,” drawing on shared histories and family stories of immigration. Early waves of European immigrants settled rural areas over two centuries of US expansion, while non-Europeans were marginalized (1;2). Beginning with the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1884, and culminating in the 1924 National Origins Act, the federal government explicitly forbade immigration from Asia and severely limited non-European entries. After the end of the national quota system and the 1965 Immigration and Naturalization Act, a new mass wave of immigration began, bringing people different from longer-term residents in language, ethnicity, race, and religion.

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Rural Communities

Mapping Recipes for Action

Northfield, MN

Northfield Reads

Farmer to Family

Fargo, ND

Business Survey Project

Growing Together

African Initiative for Progress 

Giving + Learning

Refugee Consortium of North Dakota

Saint Peter, MN

Wrap Around Services


Columbus Junction, IA

Pelican Rapids, Mn

Anthony, NM

Women’s Intercultural Center

Las Cruces, NM

Colonias Development Council (CDC)

Communidades en Acción y de Fé (CAFé)

Chaparral, NM

Sustainable Organic Local Agricultural Resource (SOLAR)

El Paso, TX

Sustainable Urban – Rural Collaborative (SURCO)

San Elizario, TX

Adult and Youth United Development Association Inc. (AYUDA)

Albuquerque, NM

New Mexico Dream Team: Dreams on Wheels

Española, NM

Arranque Empresarial & Empezado